An Introduction to the Languages of the World

List of Tables

1.1Vocabulary of four languages of the Pacific12
1.2Recurrent correspondences from Table 1.112
1.3Data for Exercise 127
2.1Types of graphic signs32
2.2Scripts of the world47
2.3Canaanite family of scripts50
3.1Languages of Europe56
3.2Indo-European languages56
3.3Celtic languages58
3.4Germanic languages60
3.5Romance languages64
3.6Balto-Slavic languages65
3.7Indo-Iranian languages67
3.8Development of */k̟/ in Indo-European languages70
3.9Basic correspondences of voiceless velar stops in the branches of Indo-European70
3.10Uralic languages72
3.11Languages of the Caucasus75
3.12Consonant phonemes of Russian81
3.13Vowel phonemes of Russian83
3.14Noun paradigms87
3.15Sample adjective declension88
3.16Personal verb forms in Russian91
3.17Consonant phonemes of Finnish104
3.18Vowel phonemes of Finnish104
3.19Consonant gradation in Finnish nouns106
3.20Finnish cases108
3.21Personal endings on Finnish verbs112
3.22Imperative mood in Finnish113
4.1Languages of Asia127
4.2Altaic languages130
4.3Paleosiberian languages136
4.4Sinitic languages139
4.5Tibeto-Burman languages141
4.6Hmong-Mien languages143
4.7Tai-Kadai languages144
4.8Austroasiatic languages146
4.9Dravidian languages147
4.10Mandarin Chinese consonant phonemes152
4.11Pronunciation of Chinese rimes153
4.12The tones of Mandarin Chinese155
4.13Personal pronouns of Mandarin Chinese156
4.14Tibetan languages167
4.15Tibetan grammatical relation markers173
4.16Honorifics in Tibetan181
4.17Old Tibetan and Modern Lhasa Tibetan188
4.18Hmong and Mandarin Chinese190
5.1Languages of Africa197
5.2Afro-Asiatic languages200
5.3Semitic languages200
5.4Berber languages203
5.5Chadic languages204
5.6Cushitic, Omotic, and Egyptian languages205
5.7Nilo-Saharan languages209
5.8Northwestern Niger-Congo languages214
5.9Benue-Congo languages216
5.10Khoisan languages220
5.11Symbols used to transcribe clicks221
5.12Consonant phonemes of Modern Standard Arabic225
5.13Changes in letter shapes between Phoenician and Arabic226
5.14The Arabic alphabet227
5.15Arabic noun inflections230
5.16Arabic personal pronouns, free forms233
5.17Arabic personal enclitic pronouns233
5.18Verb derivation patterns in Arabic234
5.19Arabic active indicative verb inflections235
5.20Consonants of Swahili242
5.21Swahili genders244
5.22Swahili gender markers on nouns245
6.1Austronesian languages267
6.2Papuan languages273
6.3Australian languages275
6.4Hawaiian consonant phonemes279
6.5Vowel phonemes of Hawaiian280
6.6Hawaiian personal pronouns283
6.7Case proclitics in Hawaiian286
6.8Consonant phonemes of Dyirbal299
6.9Dyirbal case inflections301
6.10Dyirbal personal pronouns306
6.11Dyirbal verb inflections306
6.12Dyirbal verb suffixes307
6.13Buang data for Exercise 4320
6.14Kiwai data for Exercise 5321
7.1Languages of North America326
7.2Eskimo-Aleut languages330
7.3Na-Dene languages331
7.4Algic languages333
7.5Muskogean languages335
7.6Siouan languages336
7.7Iroquoian languages337
7.8Caddoan languages338
7.9Yuman languages338
7.10Sahaptian languages339
7.11Tsimshianic languages340
7.12Kiowa-Tanoan languages341
7.13Uto-Aztecan languages342
7.14Salishan languages343
7.15Languages of Mesoamerica345
7.16Oto-Manguean languages346
7.17Totonacan languages348
7.18Mixe-Zoquean languages348
7.19Mayan languages350
7.20Languages of South America351
7.21Languages of the Intermediate Area353
7.22Languages of Western Amazonia353
7.23Languages of the northern foothills of the Andes356
7.24Languages of the Andes356
7.25Languages of the southern foothills of the Andes357
7.26Languages of southern South America359
7.27Languages of Central Amazonia360
7.28Languages of Northern Amazonia363
7.29Yupʼik consonants365
7.30Yupʼik case endings366
7.31Quechua consonants374
7.32Case endings in Ayacucho Quechua376
7.33Quechua personal pronouns379
8.1Mixed languages403
8.4Sign languages416
8.5Tok Pisin consonants429
8.6Tok Pisin personal pronouns430

Last change by Brett Kessler, 2016-09-03T11:44:06-0500